Psychopharmacological Issues in Geriatrics

Psychopharmacological Issues in Geriatrics

Indexed in: EBSCO.

Demographic changes due to improved life expectancy and access to medical care has increased the number of people aged 65 years and beyond. This raises an important new challenge for healthcare ...
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Drugs Used in Substance Use Disorders

Pp. 305-324 (20)

Juan Medrano

Abstract

Substance use disorders (SUD) are under-recognized in the elderly. This chapter will discuss the drugs currently used for the treatment of SUD. For the sake of simplicity, clinical descriptions will be avoided and the focus will be placed almost exclusively on the drugs used to treat these conditions. Those are a heterogeneous group of agents with products exclusively or mainly used to treat SUD and other compounds and agents used in other indications. The lack of studies focused on elderly populations call for a cautious, careful use of pharmacological agents, which must always be accompanied by psychosocial approaches.

Keywords:

Acamprosate, Alcohol use disorders, Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, Benzodiazepine dependence, Benzodiazepines, Bupropion sustained-release, Carbamazepine, Chlormethiazole, Cyanamide, Cytisine, Disulfiram, Maintenance treatment, Nalmefene, Naltrexone, Nicotine replacement therapy, Nortriptyline, Opioid analgesics, Opioid, Dependence, Psychosocial treatments, Self-harm, SSRI, Tiapride, Tobacco Cessation, Topiramate, Varenicline.

Affiliation:

Ezkerraldea - Enkarterri Mental Health Community Services, Bizkaia`s Mental Health Network, Portugalete, Bizkaia/Vizcaya Spain.