Psychopharmacological Issues in Geriatrics

Psychopharmacological Issues in Geriatrics

Indexed in: EBSCO.

Demographic changes due to improved life expectancy and access to medical care has increased the number of people aged 65 years and beyond. This raises an important new challenge for healthcare ...
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Anxiolytics and Hypnotics

Pp. 133-153 (21)

Juan Medrano

Abstract

Anxiolytics are a group of drugs which currently is comprised of benzodiazepine compounds, buspirone, antihistamines as hydroxyzine, some anticonvulsants and chlormethiazole. Hypnotics, in turn, include some benzodiazepines, the so-called “z-agents” and other compounds like melatonin and ramelteon and sedative antidepressants. Even though they are a relatively safe group that can provide rapid symptomatic amelioration, most of them are associated to the development of addiction and pose specific problems in old age. Therefore, the peculiars of these compounds and the characteristics of the elderly make especially accurate the classical recommendation to prescribe these drugs for short periods of time only.

Keywords:

Addiction, Alprazolam, Anxiolytics, Ataxia, Benzodiazepines, Buspirone, Chlormethiazole, Clonazepam, Delirium, Diazepam, Doxepin, Eszopiclone, Falls, Gabapentin, Hydroxyzine, Hypnotics, Melatonin, Mirtazapine, Pregabalin, Ramelteon, Trazodone, Triazolam, Zaleplon, Zolpidem, Zopiclone.

Affiliation:

Ezkerraldea - Enkarterri Mental Health Community Services, Bizkaia`s Mental Health Network, Portugalete, Bizkaia/Vizcaya, Spain.