Relevance of Anxiety and Depression in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Francisco Javier Callejas Gonzalez,
Marta Genoves Crespo,
Javier Cruz Ruiz,
Pedro Juan Tarraga Lopez.
Recent studies have shown the relevance of anxiety and depression on the prognosis and outcome
of COPD patients, which lead to an increased risk of exacerbations and hospitalisations, a high risk of
mortality, greater functional impairment, poorer quality of life, poor adherence to rehabilitation and
respiratory care, better use of health resources and increased frequency of COPD symptoms. Their high
prevalence is probably due to lack of knowledge, inadequate assessment and undertreatment of psychiatric
symptoms and/or disorders.
It is, therefore, necessary to assess the presence of anxiety and/or depression in COPD patients in details and
subsequent treatment to suitably control their psychiatric disorder as this will result in better control and
progression of COPD.
Keywords: COPD, anxiety, depression, outcomes, exacerbations, mortality, symptoms, undertreatment.
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