The purpose of this research is to provide an unsupervised precise measurement technique
in tracking the change of brain parenchyma volume over time. Tracking this change can be a very useful
imaging metric for neurological patients who may develop brain dementia overtime. This technique
should help in assessing the patient diagnosis, progress, and response to medication.
A novel unsupervised segmentation technique was developed to measure the brain parenchyma volume
with a high degree of precision. The technique consisted of two stages. The first stage used a
novel manner of multi-spectral analysis and the second stage used a series of morphological filters
coupled with several logical image operators to remove possible segmentation outliers.
This technique required dual spin echo T2 weighted MR data of the brain. Twenty MR data sets were segmented and the
accuracy was evaluated visually and found to be free of outliers. The precision of the technique was tested on a series of
MR data sets for two normal subjects. Each series consisted of seven MR data sets per subject scanned over a month period.
The percent brain parenchyma was calculated for the two subjects with a percent coefficient of variation of less than
0.4%. The technique ran on a standard personal computer in less than 30 seconds per data set without user interaction.
This research provided an unsupervised, precise, and fast technique to track the progression of change in brain parenchyma