Rabies in South Asia: Fighting for Elimination

Author(s): Fazle-Rabbi Chowdhury , Ariful Basher , Mohammad R. Amin , Nazia Hassan , Mohammad i. Patwary .

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery

Volume 10 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

South Asia is regarded as the hot spot for the tourist and travelers. Unfortunately, three big countries (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) of this region belong to top five rabies endemic countries of the world. Around 55,000 people die of rabies every year globally and 45% of them belong to South and South East Asia. Countries are now working on the elimination of rabies by the year 2020. Elimination of animal rabies is the pivotal of controlling human rabies. Dog (primary source) registration, population control and mass vaccination are the different ways of eliminating animal rabies. Pre (for risk groups including travelers) and post-exposure vaccine is the core for controlling human rabies. Post-exposure vaccine consists of nerve tissue vaccine and tissue culture vaccine. Due to low antigenicity and post-vaccine neurological complications all countries of South Asia except Pakistan have phased out the production and use of nerve tissue vaccine. To reduce the cost intramuscular regimen is now largely replaced by intradermal regimen and equine rabies immunoglobulin will probably replace human immunoglobulin in future for category III animal bite. ‘SAARC’ took initiatives for rabies elimination through ‘SAARC development fund’ which would hopefully play a vital role in regional collaboration to make the region rabies free.

Keywords: Asia, elimination, rabies, vaccine, zoonoses.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [30 - 34]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1574891X10666150410130024

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