Role of Various Hormones in Photosynthetic Responses of Green Plants Under Environmental Stresses

Author(s): Poonam, Renu Bhardwaj, Ravdeep Kaur, Shagun Bali, Parminder Kaur, Geetika Sirhindi, Ashwani K. Thukral, Puja Ohri, Adarsh P. Vig.

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 16 , Issue 5 , 2015

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Abstract:

Environmental stress includes adverse factors like water deficit, high salinity, enhanced temperature and heavy metals etc. These stresses alter the normal growth and metabolic processes of plants including photosynthesis. Major photosynthetic responses under various stresses include inhibition of photosystems (I and II), changes in thylakoid complexes, decreased photosynthetic activity and modifications in structure and functions of chloroplasts etc. Various defense mechanisms are triggered inside the plants in response to these stresses that are regulated by plant hormones or plant growth regulators. These phytohormones include abscisic acid, auxins, cytokinins, ethylene, brassinosteroids, jasmonates and salicylic acid etc. The present review focuses on stress protective effects of plants hormones on the photosynthetic responses.

Keywords: Abiotic stress, adaptive mechanism, photosynthesis, phytohormones.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2015
Page: [435 - 449]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1389203716666150330125215
Price: $58

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