Complications of Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease in Survivors: A Review

Author(s): Fereshteh Dastouri, Ahmad Mirmohammad Hosseini, Elizabeth Haworth, Gulam Khandaker, Harunor Rashid, Robert Booy.

Journal Name: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 14 , Issue 3 , 2014

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Abstract:

This systematic review evaluates the prevalence of long-term complications of serogroup B meningococcal disease (MD) in light of the recent licensure of a vaccine against meningococcal B disease. Twelve appropriate studies were identified by searching available databases from 1946 to July 2014. The average prevalence of hearing impairment was 4.2% among serogroup B MD survivors; 2.3% suffered amputation and 2.3% developed seizures. When compared with complications due to non-meningococcal B bacterial meningitis, physical impairment and seizures were more common in survivors of meningococcal B disease but hearing impairment had similar prevalence. Few studies quantified less frequent complications such as visual impairment and cognitive dysfunction. Better comprehensive reporting of the complications and costs of serogroup B MD in survivors and their families is needed to inform vaccination policy.

Keywords: Complications, meningococcal disease, serogroup B.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2014
Page: [205 - 212]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871526515999150320155614
Price: $58

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