Treatment Options for Post-Transplantation Diabetes Mellitus

Author(s): Adnan Sharif.

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2015

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Abstract:

Treatment options for management of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) are limited with regards to the availability of strong clinical evidence base. This is a concern as PTDM is common after solid organ transplantation and associated with poor clinical outcomes. PTDM and type 2 diabetes mellitus are distinct pathophysiological entities that have important differences with regards to aetiology, clinical course and management. Therefore, any clinical evidence of treatment benefit from the general population with type 2 diabetes mellitus may not be directly translated to the solid organ transplant recipient. In addition, the potential risk and benefit of using many of these therapeutic agents must take account of the complicated post-transplantation milieu of immunosuppression. While there is reasonable evidence base for treatment of diabetes mellitus in the general population, the same is not true in a post-transplantation setting. In this article the treatment options available for PTDM will be discussed, with a transplant-specific focus on the pros and cons of each particular component of the glucose lowering therapy armoury.

Keywords: Antiglycaemic agents, post-transplantation diabetes mellitus, PTDM, kidney allograft, kidney transplantation

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2015
Page: [155 - 162]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573399811666150319112820
Price: $58

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