Optimization of Time Controlled 6-mercaptopurine Delivery for Site- Specific Targeting to Colon Diseases

Author(s): Rahul U. Hude, Swati C. Jagdale.

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 13 , Issue 4 , 2016

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Abstract:

Background: 6-MP has short elimination time (<2 h) and low bioavailability (~ 50%). Present study was aimed to develop time controlled and site targeted delivery of 6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) for treatment of colon diseases.

Methods: Compression coating technique was used. 32 full factorial design was designed for optimization of the outer coat for the core tablet. For outer coat amount of Eudragit RS 100 and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC K100) were employed as independent variables each at three levels while responses evaluated were swelling index and bursting time. Direct compression method was used for tablets formulation.

Results: 80% w/w of microcrystalline cellulose and 20% w/w of croscarmellose sodium were found to be optimum concentration for the core tablet. The outer coat of optimized batch (ED) contains 21.05% w/w Eudragit RS 100 and 78.95% w/w HPMC K100 of total polymer weight. In-vitro dissolution study indicated that combination of polymer retards the drug release in gastric region and releases ≥95% of drug in colonic region after ≥7 h. Whereas in case of in-vivo placebo x-ray imaging study had shown that the tablet reaches colonic part after 5±0.5 h providing the proof of arrival in the colon. Stability study indicated that the optimized formulation were physically and chemically stable.

Conclusion: Present research work concluded that compression coating by Eudragit RS 100 and HPMC K100 to 6-MP core provides potential colon targeted system with advantages of reduced gastric exposure and enhanced bioavailability. Formulation can be considered as potential and promising candidate for the treatment of colon diseases..

Keywords: Cancer, colon, compression coating, eudragit RS 100, HPMC K100, 6-Mercaptopurine.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2016
Page: [534 - 544]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1567201812666150317123226
Price: $58

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