Piper Betle: A Promising Tool for Drug Permeation Enhancement of Naproxen Sodium Transdermal Gel Formulation

Author(s): Sunetra K. Patwardhan, Manohar J. Patil, S. Anbazhagan.

Journal Name: Current Drug Therapy

Volume 10 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

Background: Skin as route of administration avoids many side effects of oral administration of NSAIDS like irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, systemic toxicity and improves the patient compliance and therapeutic efficacy.

Objective: To study the influence of Piper betle on the permeation of Naproxen sodium gel when applied on skin.

Method: The leaves of P. betle were subjected to maceration using successive solvent extraction with solvents like n-hexane, chloroform, methanol and water. All four extracts were screened for preliminary phytochemical tests. The carbopol gel formulations containing Naproxen sodium (1% w/w) and selected concentrations (1% / 2% w/w) of synthetic penetrations enhancers or four herbal extracts were prepared as various batches. These formulations were subjected to characterization tests of colour, pH, viscosity, spreadability. Formulations were subjected to ex-vivo permeation of the drug across rat skin using Franz diffusion cell. The permeation using herbal extracts was compared with synthetic penetration enhancer, Transcutol P.

Results: The formulation containing 2% w/w of N- hexane extract showed better % cumulative release (47.97%) and flux (157.072 μg/cm2h), as compared to synthetic enhancer transcutol P (43.11% CR and flux as 141.15 μg/cm2.h) and other extracts. Histopathology shows focal stripping of stratum corneum and normal adnexal structure in both formulations containing synthetic and n-hexane extract. But mild degeneration of epidermis and dermis was seen along with hemorrhage in skin treated with formulation containing Transcutol P.

Conclusion: Piper betle may be safer and better option for increasing the skin permeability of Naproxen sodium as compared to synthetic penetration enhancers.

Keywords: Anti-inflammatory activity, naproxen sodium, Piper betle, penetration enhancer, therapeutic enhancer, transdermal permeation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [35 - 43]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1574885510666150302215024

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