Changes in Serum Amino Acids in Migraine Patients without and with Aura and their Possible Usefulness in the Study of Migraine Pathogenesis

Author(s): Izabela Domitrz, Marek D. Koter, Malgorzata Cholojczyk, Wojciech Domitrz, Anna Baranczyk-Kuzma, Anna Kaminska.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 14 , Issue 3 , 2015

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Abstract:

Background: Results of several studies suggest that serum amino acids monitoring in migraine might be useful as an objective measurement of the disease status.

Objective: The aim of the present work was to analyze the profile of aliphatic and aromatic amino acids in blood serum of migraine patients without and with aura between attacks.

Methods: A total number of 37 migraine patients (26 with migraine without aura and 11 with migraine with aura), mean age 39±12 years, and 40 age-matched healthy subjects as the control group, mean age 38±14 years, were included into the study. The levels of glutamic acid, glutamine, histidine (His), valine (Val), isoleucine, leucine (Leu), phenyloalanine, lysine were evaluated.

Results: The level of His was significantly higher in both groups of migraine patients (without and with aura) compared to the control group (F(2,74)=10.17, p=0.00). The levels of Val and Leu were significantly different in migraine without but not with aura, when compared with the control group (F(2,74)=4.70, p=0.01 and F(2,74)=4.39, p=0.02, respectively).

Conclusion: We found higher level of His in migraine patients without and with aura and lower level of Val and Leu in patients with migraine without aura.

Keywords: Amino acids, cortical spreading depression, migraine, neuronal pathogenesis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2015
Page: [345 - 349]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1871527314666150225144300
Price: $58

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