The Impact of Combination Therapy with a-Blockers and 5ARIs on the Progression of BPH

Author(s): Petros Sountoulides, Stavros Gravas.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 16 , Issue 11 , 2015

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Abstract:

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can be a progressive disease for some men with significant impact on their quality of life due to worsening of symptoms, risk of acute urinary retention (AUR) and surgery. Certain clinical parameters such as age, prostate volume and PSA are able to predict those patients with BPH-associated LUTS that are at risk of disease progression. These patients will likely benefit most from medical therapy that provides symptom relief while at the same time may prevent disease progression. Studies have shown that a-blockers, although able to rapidly alleviate symptoms, have no effect on prostate volume, risk for AUR and BPH-related surgery. On the other hand 5ARIs have proven their efficacy in reducing prostate size, the risk of AUR and prostate surgery. Therefore combination therapy with an a-blocker and a 5ARI can be the mainstay of treatment for those patients at risk of BPH progression. Patients’ perspective and their needs and expectations from treatment are other crucial parameters to consider in order selecting the optimal management of BPH. Therefore physicians should take into consideration the drug properties and also the patients’ preferences before deciding on the optimal pharmacological treatment for BPH-associated LUTS.

Keywords: 5-a reductase inhibitors, a-blockers, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), combination therapy, urinary retention.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 11
Year: 2015
Page: [1172 - 1179]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1389450116666150223164032
Price: $58

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