Current Nanoscience


Recent Advances on TiO2 Thin Film Based Photocatalytic Applications (A Review)

Author(s): Meghshyam K. Patil, Sharekh Shaikh, Ibram Ganesh.

Graphical Abstract:


Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most important materials to be employed as a photocatalyst for environmental protection and other applications. Owing to its certain important combination of properties, TiO2 in the form of thin film has been found to be more attractive for a great variety of applications including photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in water as well as in air, dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), anti-fogging, superhydrophilic, photochromic, and optical applications. Although, a great number of techniques have been employed so far to fabricate TiO2 thin films, the cost of these thin films has not only been found to be dictated by the sophistication of the preparation method involved but also by the quick recombination of photo-generated electron/hole pairs, backward reactions involved, and the poor response of TiO2 to the visible light. Even though, metal loading, metal ion doping, anion doping, dye sensitization, composite semiconducting phenomenon, metal ion-implantation, addition of sacrificial reagents and carbonate salts to the reaction mixtures, etc., have been employed to improve the efficiency of the photocatalytic applications of TiO2 thin films, a clear-cut relationship between the properties of TiO2 thin films and their performance in a given application is yet to be established. In this article, some of the latest developments accomplished in the fabrication techniques, in the characterization and in the understandings of property and performance relationship of TiO2 thin film have been presented and discussed while citing certain of important references.

Keywords: Degradation of organic pollutants, dye-sensitized solar cell, TiO2 thin film, water splitting.

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Article Details

Year: 2015
Page: [271 - 285]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/1573413711666150212235054
Price: $58