Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most important materials to be employed as a photocatalyst
for environmental protection and other applications. Owing to its certain important combination
of properties, TiO2 in the form of thin film has been found to be more attractive for a great variety
of applications including photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in water as well as in air,
dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), anti-fogging, superhydrophilic, photochromic, and optical applications.
Although, a great number of techniques have been employed so far to fabricate TiO2 thin films, the cost of these
thin films has not only been found to be dictated by the sophistication of the preparation method involved but also by the
quick recombination of photo-generated electron/hole pairs, backward reactions involved, and the poor response of TiO2
to the visible light. Even though, metal loading, metal ion doping, anion doping, dye sensitization, composite semiconducting
phenomenon, metal ion-implantation, addition of sacrificial reagents and carbonate salts to the reaction mixtures,
etc., have been employed to improve the efficiency of the photocatalytic applications of TiO2 thin films, a clear-cut
relationship between the properties of TiO2 thin films and their performance in a given application is yet to be established.
In this article, some of the latest developments accomplished in the fabrication techniques, in the characterization and in
the understandings of property and performance relationship of TiO2 thin film have been presented and discussed while
citing certain of important references.