Considering the Medium when Studying Biologically Active Molecules: Motivation, Options and Challenges
Pp. 197-256 (60)
Liliana Mammino and Mwadham M. Kabanda
The computational study of biologically active molecules plays important
roles in drug development, as it provides information on molecular properties which, in
turn, determine the biological activities of compounds. Within a living organism,
molecules are within a medium and, therefore, their activity is exerted in a medium.
Because of this, knowing how the presence of a medium influences the properties of a
given molecule is important for drug development. This chapter aims at providing a
comprehensive overview of the aspects relevant to the computational study of
biologically active compounds in a medium. It outlines the main models currently
utilised to take into account solute-solvent interactions and the solvent effects on the
molecular properties of the solute, considering also the information abilities and
limitations of each model and the challenges for further research. It discusses relevant
criteria for the selection of the preferable solvents to consider in the study of a given
molecule. Information, analyses and discussions are extensively supported by the
consideration of examples from literature and from the authors’ direct experience.
Acylphloroglucinols, Biologically active molecules, Discrete models,
Drug design, Polarisable continuum model, Solute-solvent interactions, Solvent
Department of Chemistry, University of Venda, South Africa.