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Modification of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes with Nanoparticles for High Photocatalytic Activity

Author(s): Tong Ling Tan, Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, Chin Wei Lai.

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles were successfully attached to the outer surface of one dimensional oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) via sol-gel technique. It was well-established that calcination temperature played a critical role in controlling the crystallinity and phase of MWCNTs/TiO2 composites. Thus, the effects of calcination temperature on the resulting MWCNTs/TiO2 were illustrated. The phase transition of MWCNTs/TiO2 composites was determined using XRD analysis. The photocatalytic activity evaluation of MWCNTs/TiO2 composites was conducted under degradation of organic dye (methyl orange solution). The results revealed that annealed MWCNTs/TiO2 composites showed significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity due to the highly crystalline anatase TiO2 structures.

Keywords: Methyl orange, MWCNTs, Sol-gel, TiO2.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2015
Page: [504 - 508]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1573413711666150202233509
Price: $58