Treating Heart Failure in Older and Oldest Old Patients

Author(s): Davide Liborio Vetrano, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Anna Maria Martone, Francesco Landi, Vincenzo Brandi, Eva Topinkova, Graziano Onder.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 21 , Issue 13 , 2015

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Abstract:

Advanced age is a relevant risk factor for the heart failure (HF). The development of new pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches has determined an improvement in survival of patients with HF, leading to the selection of an older and frailer population with HF. The clinical approach to such a complex population should require clear indications to assist physicians during their daily practice, but there is a huge lack of evidence regarding the treatment of HF in the oldest among the elderly patient population. In addition, the co-occurrence of specific conditions that are extremely prevalent in older individuals with HF, such as cognitive impairment, comorbidities, and polypharmacy, can further complicate the clinical man agement of this condition. Thus, a multidisciplinary approach with the goal of recognizing and treating conditions associated with HF may be necessary to improve the quality of care and to reduce expenditures. Several studies have assessed the effect of a comprehensive geriatric assessment and management on quality of care in HF patients, demonstrating a substantial improvement in patient outcomes and administration of the appropriate drug treatment.

Keywords: Heart failure, elderly, polypharmacy, multidimensional approach, oldest old.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 13
Year: 2015
Page: [1659 - 1664]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1381612821666150130124021
Price: $58

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