Current Rheumatology Reviews

Dr. Serena Guiducci  
Department of Biomedicine, Division of Rheumatology
University of Florence
Florence
Italy

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Kawasaki Disease and Its Treatment – An Update

Author(s): AKM. Mamunur Rashid, Sikder Mohammad Kamal, Md. Ashrafuzzaman, Khan Golam Mustafa.

Abstract:

Aim: The aim of this review is to update the knowledge about the Kawasaki disease (KD) which includes the way of early detection and latest treatment plan for the disease.

Method: A number of literatures were reviewed and latest information about the etiology, diagnosis, laboratory investigation, treatment and outcome of the disease was collected and depicted in the review article.

Result: Kawasaki disease is a multisystem vasculitis mainly affecting medium sized blood vessels. It is the second most common cause of vasculitis after Henoch Scholein Purpura (HSP) in children. Etiology of the disease is still unknown. Auto-immunity with genetic influence is thought to associate with the disease. Many physicians are ignorant of the disease. The pediatrician must be aware of the disease and suspect this condition in less than 5 year old children presenting with more than 5 days fever. the number of methods on the basis of criteria is set for the diagnosis of the disease. Latest treatment plan is set up for the disease which reduces the morbidity and mortality to a great extent.

Conclusion: Physicians must have consciousness and comprehensive knowledge for the early suspicion of this disease. Any child presenting with fever for more than 5 days should not be ignored and other criteria of KD have to be evaluated by the physician. Early diagnosis and updated treatment are imperative for the prevention of morbidity and mortality for the disease.

Keywords: Kawasaki disease, treatment, updates.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2014
Page: [109 - 116]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573397111666150120144457
Price: $58