Antenatal Maternal Antidepressants Drugs Affect S100B Concentrations in Fetal-Maternal Biological Fluids

Author(s): Valentina Bellissima, Gerard H.A. Visser, Tessa F. Ververs, Frank van Bel, Jacqueline U.M. Termote, Marja van der Heide, Diego Gazzolo.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

Introduction: Antidepressant treatment during pregnancy is speedily increasing in developed countries and this phenomenon has occurred without firm evidence on safety and/or efficacy.

Aims: The present study investigated from mid-trimester of pregnancy up to 24 hours after birth the pattern of a brain damage marker, namely S100B, in maternal fetal and neonatal biological fluids of pregnant women and their newborns antenatally treated by antidepressant drugs such as selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI).

Methods: we conducted an observational study on 75 pregnant women treated in the mid –third trimester by antidepressant drugs and 231 healthy pregnancies. S100B concentrations were measured at 7 predetermined monitoring time-points before, during and after treatment in maternal, fetal and neonatal biological fluids and correlated with neurological follow-up at 7 days from birth.

Results: In SSRI group S100B concentrations were significantly higher in SSRI than controls (P<0.001, for all) in maternal blood, in amniotic fluid, in arterial and venous cord blood and at 24-h from birth. Highest (P<0.05) S100B levels were found in SSRI infants showing major neurological symptoms at 7-d follow-up.

Conclusion: The present data on increased S100B levels in maternal, fetal and neonatal biological fluids suggest that SSRI administration although beneficial to the mother, presents some risks for the infant.

Keywords: Brain injury, fetal brain, maternal depression, S100B, SSRI, teratology.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [49 - 54]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1871527314666150116114033

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