Botanical and Agricultural Aspects: Agronomic Techniques and Orchard Management
Pp. 3-73 (71)
Pietro Toscano, Nino Iannotta and Stefano Scalercio
In this chapter the main botanical and agricultural aspects of the olive (Olea
europaea L.) are summarized. In the section on botany, the functional parts and the
biological cycle of the plant are described; while in the agricultural one, the
environmental and physiological demands of the plant, and the most diffused training
shapes are reported. In the agronomical section are described the main soil practices,
with the aim of to preserve and improve ground conditions, such as setups, tillages,
weeding, grassing; and trees practices, regarding plant growth and yield, such as
irrigation, fertilization, and pruning. Then, a section regarding harvesting systems in
different olive orchard typologies, and the control of olive pests and diseases in
traditional, sustainable and organic farming, completes this chapter.
Agricultural aspects, agronomic techniques, biological aspects, cultivation
techniques, increase productivity, integrated farming, olive ecosystem, olive growing,
olive production, orchard management, pests and diseases.
Agricultural Research Council - Olive Growing and Olive Oil Industry Research Centre (CRA-OLI), C.da Li Rocchi, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy.