Causes and Contributing Factors of Temporomandibular Disorders
Pp. 20-34 (15)
Various contributing factors for temporomandibular disorders have been
enumerated; occlusal factors, trauma, habits (bruxism, lip-, tongue-, and nail-biting) and
psychological factors. However, prominent factors have not been found.
Occlusion, habits, trauma, contributing factors, grinding, clenching,
myofascial pain, muscle tenderness, headache, occlusal interferences,
osteoarthrosis, clicking, crepitation, malocclusion, psychological factor.
General Dentistry of the Infirmary School of Life Dentistry Nippon Dental University Tokyo Japan.