Your Father and Grandfather’s Atrial Fibrillation: A Review of the Genetics of the Most Common Pathologic Cardiac Dysrhythmia

Author(s): Joseph A Palatinus, Saumya Das.

Journal Name: Current Genomics

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2015

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Abstract:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) remains the most common pathologic dysrhythmia in humans with a prevalence of 1-2% of the total population and as high as 10% of the elderly. AF is an independent risk marker for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, and given the increasing age of the population, represents an increasing burden of disease. Although age and hypertension are known risk factors for development of AF, the study of families with early onset AF revealed mutations in genes coding for ion channels and other proteins involved in electrotonic coupling as likely culprits for the pathology in select cases. Recent investigations using Genome-Wide Association Studies have revealed several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that appear to be associated with AF and have highlighted new genes in the proximity of the SNPs that may potentially contribute to the development of the dysrhythmia. Here we review the genetics of AF and discuss how application of GWAS and next generation sequencing have advanced our knowledge of AF and further investigations may yield novel therapeutic targets for the disease.

Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, Genetics, GWAS, Afib, Lone afib.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2015
Page: [75 - 81]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1389202916666150108222031
Price: $58

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