Nitric Oxide Releasing Nanomaterials for Cancer Treatment: Current Status and Perspectives

Author(s): Amedea B. Seabra, Renata de Lima, Marcelo Calderón.

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 15 , Issue 4 , 2015

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Abstract:

Nitric oxide (NO) is known to have dichotomous effects on cancer biology, acting as a pro- or antineoplastic agent. Low concentrations of NO are reported to promote tumor growth, whereas high NO influx acts as a potent tumor repressor, leading to cytotoxicity and apoptosis. There is increasing interest in developing NO-releasing materials as potent tumoricidal agents in which high and localized concentrations of NO may be directly released in a sustained manner to the tumor site. Nanomaterials allied to NO donors have emerged as a promising strategy in cancer treatment. In this context, this review summarizes the roles of NO in cancer biology and highlights the therapeutic potential effects of NO-releasing nanomaterials based on polymeric nanoparticles, dendritic polymers, liposomes, silica nanoparticles, metallic nanoparticles and quantum dots in combating tumor cells.

Keywords: Cancer, Cytotoxicity, Dendrimers, Diazeniumdiolates, Liposomes, Metallic nanoparticles, Nanomaterials, Nitric Oxide, Polymeric nanoparticles, Quantum dots, Silica nanoparticles, S-nitrosothiols.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2015
Page: [298 - 308]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1568026615666150108122918
Price: $58

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