Extracorporeal Lung Assist for Sepsis and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Author(s): Yoshiaki Iwashita, Hiroshi Imai.

Journal Name:Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets

Volume 15 , Issue 1 , 2015

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Abstract:

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the major causes of ICU deaths. Extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA) has been used as a rescue therapy for most severe form of ARDS. However, its survival benefit had not been shown until CESAR trial in 2009. This has been because the concept of lung protective ventilation strategy had not yet known. Since CESAR trial, the clinical application of ECLA for ARDS as a method to achieve lung rest has wide spread. The effectiveness is further appreciated during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. The succeeded countries achieved building the transportation systems to collect ECLA patients. With the accumulating evidences of survival benefit, the long-term outcome such as pulmonary function and quality of life are in concern. PumplessECLA which is a newly developed form of ECLA is also reviewed. In this essay we will firstly review the basics of ARDS and ECLA. Then the historical development of ECLA evidences for ARDS are reviewed.

Keywords: ECMO, H1N1, sepsis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [46 - 56]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1871529X15666150108114429
Price: $58