Triflic Acid as Efficient Catalyst for the Hydroamination of Ethyl Acrylate with 2-Aminopyridines

Author(s): Wen Qian Xu, Yu Jie Ren, Qing Wei Wang, Ying Xin Sun.

Journal Name: Letters in Organic Chemistry

Volume 12 , Issue 2 , 2015

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Abstract:

Triflic acid (5mol%) is an efficient catalyst, which firstly applied to the anti-Markovnikov intermolecular hydroamination of ethyl acrylate with 2-aminopyridines, sharply improves yields as high as 96%, reduces reaction times as short as 12h. Moreover, the post-reaction process involves simple recrystallization in petroleum ether to obtain products in purity as high as 99%. The reaction mechanism is verified by crossover experiments, based on the catalytic mechanism of triflic acid previously proposed. The triflic acid is used for the reaction of a series of 2-aminopyridines with ethyl acrylate, and all the derivatives of ethyl 3-[(pyridine-2-yl)amino]propionate are characterized by 1H/13C NMR and HR-MS. The effect of electron-withdrawing/-donating substituent on the reaction is established by the reaction of substituted aminopyridines with ethyl acrylate. The reactivity of 5-methyl-2-aminopyridine is higher than those of other positional isomers of the same substituent. The reactivity of 2-aminopyridine with an electron-donating group is higher than that with an electron-withdrawing group at the same position. 2-Aminopyridines with weak electron-withdrawing substituent reacted more efficiently that those with strong electron-withdrawing substituents.

Keywords: Aminopyridines, anti-Markovnikov addition, catalytic mechanism, electron-withdrawing/-donating effect, hydroamination, triflic acid.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2015
Page: [146 - 152]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1570178612666141226192238
Price: $65

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