Treatment of Hypertension in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction

Author(s): Muhammad Asrar ul Haq, David L. Hare, Chiew Wong, Umair Hayat, Peter Barlis.

Journal Name: Current Hypertension Reviews

Volume 10 , Issue 3 , 2014

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Abstract:

Prevalence of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection (HFPEF) has been rising steadily in the recent past. Studies have shown that at least half of patients presenting with symptoms and signs of heart failure (HF) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, i.e. HFPEF, and that this portion of the HF population consists predominantly of women, older age group, and people with hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors. The morbidity and mortality associated with HFPEF are much higher than the normal population. Chronic hypertension is the most common cause in addition to age, with suggestion of up to 60% of patients with HFPEF being hypertensive. Addressing the specific aetiology and aggressive risk factor modification remain the mainstay in the treatment of HFPEF. Current guidelines recommend the management should involve treatment of hypertension, control of heart rate, venous pressure reduction, and prevention of myocardial ischemia. This review aims to discuss the role of hypertension in the pathophysiology, risk stratification and prognosis of HFPEF, as well as the current available data on various antihypertensive options in this population.

Keywords: Heart failure, HFPEF, HFNEF, hypertension.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2014
Page: [142 - 148]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573402111666141217112216
Price: $58

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