Current Neuropharmacology

T.E. Salt
University College London
Institute of Ophthalmology
London EC1V 9EL
UK

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Cathinone Neurotoxicity (“The “3Ms”)

Author(s): Steven B. Karch.

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Synthetic cathinones are designer drugs of the phenethylamine class, structurally and pharmacologically similar to amphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), cathinone and other related substances. New analogues, legal at least, until formally banned (a time consuming process), are introduced almost daily The United Nations estimates nearly 250 new drug analogues are produced per year. Various combinations of these drugs are sold under the name of “bath salts.” They can be ingested by any route and some appear capable of causing great harm, mostly behavioral. One drug in particular, MDVP, appears to frequently cause symptoms indistinguishable from the classic findings in Excited Delirium Syndrome (ExDS). Little is known about the pathology or clinical toxicology of these drugs but their molecular mechanism of action seems to be identical with that of cocaine. This mini-review examines what little is known on the subject and explains the suspected mechanisms of excited delirium syndrome.

Keywords: “Bath salts”, cathinones, methedrone, methelone, MDMA, MDVP.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [21 - 25]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1570159X13666141210225009