Synthesis and Properties of 14-epi-1α,25-Dihydroxy-19-Nortachysterol and its 2-Substituted Derivatives

Author(s): Daisuke Sawada , Atsushi Kittaka .

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 14 , Issue 21 , 2014

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Graphical Abstract:


As the first stable tachysterol analogs, 14-epi-19-nortachysterol and its 2-substituted derivatives were synthesized using the Stille coupling reaction between the A-ring precursor (three vinylstannanes) and the CD-ring vinyl trifrate. Among them, the 2-methylidene group was hydrogenated with Wilkinson’s catalyst regioselectively to obtain 2α- and 2β-methyl analogs after separation; therefore, five new 14-epi-19- nortachysterols were constructed. All 14-epi-19-nortachysterols showed moderate to strong human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) binding affinity except the 2α-(3-hydroxypropoxy) substituted analog. X-ray cocrystallographic analysis of the [truncated hVDR]-[2-methyl-14-epi-19-nortachysterol] complex exhibited an unusual binding structure that has not been observed previously.

Keywords: Crystal structure, 14-Epimerization, Stille coupling, Tachysterol, Vitamin D3, Vitamin D receptor.

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Article Details

Year: 2014
Page: [2454 - 2459]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1568026615666141208103741
Price: $58

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