Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Anthony Atala  
Wake Forest University School of Medicine,
Medical Center Boulevard
Winston Salem, NC 27157
USA

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Is there a Role for Human Pluripotent Stem Cells in Modelling Interstitial Cells of Cajal and Gut Motility Disorders?

Author(s): Wenbo Meng, Jerry Zhou, Ross Elliott, Patricia Murphy, Vincent Ho, Michael O'Connor.

Abstract:

Gastrointestinal motility disorders affect millions of people worldwide, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Current treatments for these disorders are inadequate and often provide little to no relief for patients. As a result, gastrointestinal motility disorders produce substantial long-term social and economic burdens in both developed and developing countries. These limited treatment options arise largely from our relatively poor understanding of the molecular etiology for the majority of gastrointestinal motility disorders. In turn, this is due to our limited access to normal or diseased human gut tissue for use in research. In particular while the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are known to be important for gastrointestinal motility, little is known of how these cells function or how they are involved in disease initiation and progression. The advent of human pluripotent stem cell technology offers an opportunity to generate large amounts of human tissue for both research and clinical applications. The application of this technology to gastrointestinal motility disorders is currently only in its infancy and as yet no studies have described ICC production from human pluripotent cells. By considering the present understanding of the anatomical, cellular and molecular basis of gut motility with particular emphasis on ICC, this review provides a clear framework for the application of human pluripotent stem cell technology to answer fundamental questions of ICC involvement in gut motility.

Keywords: Embryonic stem cells, gastrointestinal motility disorder, ICC, interstitial cells of Cajal, patient specific stem cells, pluripotent stem cells.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2015
Page: [251 - 257]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X09666141112120040
Price: $58