Assessing Systemic Arterial Hypertension Through Echocardiography: A Review for the Clinician
Jamil Mattar Valente-Filho,
Erlon Oliveira de Abreu-Silva.
Hypertension is a major cardiovascular (CV) risk factor and elevated blood pressure poses a significant burden
for the whole CV hemodynamics. Along the last decades different techniques and resources have been developed,
including ultrasound´s M-mode and B-mode, spectral Doppler, tissue Doppler and color Doppler. Techniques from newer
resources as speckle tracking, twist and tridimensional ultrasound are continuously being inserted in the echocardiography
labs routine around the world. Many of the older and newer techniques interpretation have a subject component from the
echocardiographer. The clinician must have minimum technical echocardiography knowledge and assess if the
echocardiogram data match clinical and other exams data. Systemic arterial hypertension leads to morphologic and
hemodynamic changes in the heart. These changes are signals of progressive damage along the years. Echocardiography is
a powerful tool to assess these diagnostic and prognostic information.
Keywords: Diastolic, doppler, dysfunction, echocardiography, hypertension, strain, systolic.
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