Current Hypertension Reviews

Prof. Kazuomi Kario
Jichi Medical University
School of Medicine
Tochigi
Japan

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Sleep Apnea: an Underestimated Cause of Resistant Hypertension

Author(s): Erlon Oliveira de Abreu-Silva, Marina Beltrami-Moreira.

Abstract:

Hypertension is a well established cardiovascular risk factor and its deleterious effects had already been largely studied. Although the benefits of adequate blood pressure (BP) control have already been demonstrated, the prevalence of persons who fail to achieve such control is alarming. A number of causes for uncontrolled hypertension can be listed. According to recent guidelines, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important, although neglected cause of hypertension that is resistant to optimal medical therapy. Specific treatment for OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can be a helpful adjunct to conventional pharmacological therapy to attain controlled BP levels.

Keywords: Blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular risk, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, resistant hypertension.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2014
Page: [2 - 7]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/157340211001141111144219