Amyloid Precursor Protein Knockout Diminishes Synaptic Vesicle Proteins at the Presynaptic Active Zone in Mouse Brain

Author(s): Melanie Laßek, Jens Weingarten, Amparo Acker-Palmer, Sandra M. Bajjalieh, Ulrike Muller, Walter Volknandt.

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 11 , Issue 10 , 2014

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Abstract:

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) has previously been allocated to an organellar pool residing in the Golgi apparatus and in endosomal compartments, and in its mature form to a presynaptic active zone-localized pool. By analyzing homozygous APP knockout mice we evaluated the impact of APP on synaptic vesicle protein abundance at synaptic release sites. Following immunopurification of synaptic vesicles and the attached presynaptic plasma membrane, individual proteins were subjected to quantitative Western blot analysis. We demonstrate that APP deletion in knockout animals reduces the abundance of the synaptic vesicle proteins synaptophysin, synaptotagmin-1, and SV2A at the presynaptic active zone. Conversely, deletion of the additional APP family members, APLP1 and APLP2 resulted in an increase in synaptophysin, synaptogamin-1, and SV2A abundance. When transmembrane APP is lacking in APPsα-KI/APLP2-KO mice synaptic vesicle protein abundance corresponds to that in APP -KO mice. Deletion of the synaptic vesicle protein 2 (SV2) A and B had no effect on APP and synaptophysin abundance but decreased synaptotagmin-1. Our data suggest that APP controls the abundance of synaptic vesicle proteins at the presynaptic release sites and thus impacts synaptic transmission.

Keywords: Amyloid precursor protein APP, APLP1, APLP2, docked synaptic vesicles, presynaptic active zone, SV2, synaptotagmin- 1, synaptophysin.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2014
Page: [971 - 980]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1567205011666141107152458
Price: $58

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