In Vitro High Throughput Phage Display Selection of Ovarian Cancer Avid Phage Clones for Near-Infrared Optical Imaging

Author(s): Mette Soendergaard, Jessica R. Newton-Northup, Susan L. Deutscher.

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening

Volume 17 , Issue 10 , 2014

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Abstract:

Ovarian cancer is among the leading causes of cancer deaths in women, and is the most fatal gynecological malignancy. Poor outcomes of the disease are a direct result of inadequate detection and diagnostic methods, which may be overcome by the development of novel efficacious screening modalities. However, the advancement of such technologies is often time-consuming and costly. To overcome this hurdle, our laboratory has established a time and cost effective method of selecting and identifying ovarian carcinoma avid bacteriophage (phage) clones using high throughput phage display technology. These phage clones were selected from a filamentous phage fusion vector (fUSE5) 15-amino acid peptide library against human ovarian carcinoma (SKOV-3) cells, and identified by DNA sequencing. Two phage clones, pM6 and pM9, were shown to exhibit high binding affinity and specificity for SKOV-3 cells using micropanning, cell binding and fluorescent microscopy studies. To validate that the binding was mediated by the phage-displayed peptides, biotinylated peptides (M6 and M9) were synthesized and the specificity for ovarian carcinoma cells was analyzed. These results showed that M6 and M9 bound to SKOV-3 cells in a dose-response manner and exhibited EC50 values of 22.9 ± 2.0 μM and 12.2 ± 2.1μM (mean ± STD), respectively. Based on this, phage clones pM6 and pM9 were labeled with the near-infrared fluorophore AF680, and examined for their pharmacokinetic properties and tumor imaging abilities in vivo. Both phage successfully targeted and imaged SKOV-3 tumors in xenografted nude mice, demonstrating the ability of this method to quickly and cost effectively develop novel ovarian carcinoma avid phage

Keywords: Cancer imaging, near-infrared, optical imaging, ovarian cancer, peptide, phage display.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2014
Page: [859 - 867]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1386207317666141031152828
Price: $58

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