In Silico Design of Phenylbenzamide Derivatives Coupled to Pyrimidines as Novel hnRNP K Ligands Against Cancer

Author(s): Matheus G. de Oliveira, Andreza S. Figueredo, Gilberto L.B. de Aquino, Andreia M. Leopoldino, Vinicius B. da Silva, Carlton A. Taft, Carlos H.T. de Paula da Silva.

Journal Name:Current Bioactive Compounds

Volume 10 , Issue 3 , 2014

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Abstract:

Cancer disease is characterized by genomic abnormalities and gene expression aberrations that leads to misregulated activity of apoptosis, angiogenesis and cell proliferation. Heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K) is a constitutive protein found in nucleus, cytoplasm and mitochondria of cells and interacts with molecules involved in gene expression and signal transduction pathways. It is believed that the over expression of hnRNP K leads to prostate, breast and colorectal cancer types. The binding to nucleotides is the main interaction that triggers biological activity and is mediated by its three K homology (KH) domains. Trying to optimize a phenylbenzamide derivative, already reported as an hnRNP K ligand, and design novel ligand candidates with anticancer activity, synthetically viable phenylbenzamide derivatives coupled to pyrimidine nucleosides were evaluated in silico by docking simulations with KH3 domain of hnRNP K. The cytosine nucleoside and phenylbenzamide moieties could be able of simulating the polar interactions performed by natural celular nucleotide ligands with ARG40 and ARG59, the main residues of KH3 domain responsible for nucleotide recognition. Ligand-based in silico biological activity spectrum evaluation also revealed that phenylbenzamide coupled to pyrimidine nucleosides are potential anticancer candidates.

Keywords: Biological activity spectrum, cancer, hnRNP K, phenylbenzamide derivatives, pyrimidines.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2014
Page: [158 - 162]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/157340721003141013142614
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