Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium-Based Alloys for Nuclear Fuel Cladding
Renato Altobelli Antunes,
Mara Cristina Lopes de Oliveira.
Degradation of mechanical properties of fuel cladding materials due to hydrogen effects is
a major concern in nuclear power plants. Zirconium-based alloys are the standard materials for this
application. Hydrogen embrittlement is closely related to hydride formation. The addition of specific
alloying elements can change the mechanisms of hydride formation and the characteristics of
hydrogen embrittlement of zirconium-based cladding materials. The development of safer and more
efficient cladding materials depends on the understanding of hydrogen effects on their mechanical
properties. This work reviews the mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement of zirconium and
zirconium-based alloys for nuclear fuel claddings. The effects of different alloying elements are
discussed. Materials selection strategy for the development of new cladding materials with increased
resistance to hydrogen embrittlement is designed.
Keywords: Hydrogen embrittlement, nuclear fuel cladding, zirconium alloys.
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