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Effects of Calcination Temperature on Properties of 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2 Photocatalyst Prepared Using Sol-Gel Method

Author(s): Wenjie Zhang, Ling Du, Jinlei Chen, Hongbo He.

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Abstract:

A modified sol-gel method was applied to prepare 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2 in order to investigate the effect of calcination temperature. The material was investigated by SEM, XRD, and N2 adsorption-desorption methods. The diffraction peaks of the sample are in accordance to the patterns of anatase TiO2. The anatase crystallite sizes are 5.5, 6.3, 11.1, and 15.6 nm for the samples calcinated at 350°C, 400°C, 500°C, and 600°C, respectively. Crystal cell expansion is found when calcination temperature increases from 350°C to 500°C. The increase of average pore size and decrease of pore volume with increasing calcination temperature are found for 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2. The 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2 calcinated at 400°C has satisfactory adsorption capacity and photocatalytic activity. 25.6% of the initial methyl orange can be adsorbed on the material after adsorption-desorption equilibrium. After that, the remaining methyl orange can be fully degraded after 40 min of irradiation.

Keywords: Calcination, In, La, photocatalysis, TiO2.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [101 - 106]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573413710666140926225340
Price: $58