Effects of Calcination Temperature on Properties of 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2 Photocatalyst Prepared Using Sol-Gel Method
A modified sol-gel method was applied to prepare 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2 in order to investigate the effect of calcination
temperature. The material was investigated by SEM, XRD, and N2 adsorption-desorption methods. The diffraction
peaks of the sample are in accordance to the patterns of anatase TiO2. The anatase crystallite sizes are 5.5, 6.3, 11.1,
and 15.6 nm for the samples calcinated at 350°C, 400°C, 500°C, and 600°C, respectively. Crystal cell expansion is found
when calcination temperature increases from 350°C to 500°C. The increase of average pore size and decrease of pore volume
with increasing calcination temperature are found for 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2. The 0.3%La-3%In-TiO2 calcinated at
400°C has satisfactory adsorption capacity and photocatalytic activity. 25.6% of the initial methyl orange can be adsorbed
on the material after adsorption-desorption equilibrium. After that, the remaining methyl orange can be fully degraded after
40 min of irradiation.
Keywords: Calcination, In, La, photocatalysis, TiO2.
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