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Optimization of the Preparation Condition of 2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole Over BaSO4 Nanoparticles as Catalyst Using a Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

Author(s): Ali Behmaneshfar, Majid Ghashang, Mohammad Reza Mohammad Shafiee, Ali Saffar-Teluri, Abbas Fazlinia, Hadi Esfandiari.

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Abstract:

A study on the application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) for the optimization of the process parameters of the preparation of 2,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole over BaSO4 nanoparticles as catalyst was explored. A threelevel, three-factor, Box–Behnken experimental design has been employed to determine the effects of process parameters namely temperature (20-130 °C), catalyst dosage (0.01-0.5) and initial NH4OAc concentration (2-4 mmol). The second order mathematical model was developed by regression analysis of the experimental data obtained from 30 runs. Highest yield of product and lowest time of process were obtained at the optimum conditions as: temperature (130 °C), catalyst dosage (0.5 mmol) and NH4OAc concentration (4 mmol).

Keywords: 2, 4, 5-triphenyl-1H-imidazole, BaSO4 nanoparticles, Box–Behnken experimental design, response surface methodology.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2015
Page: [56 - 63]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573413710666140923211414
Price: $58