Berberine Interfered with Breast Cancer Cells Metabolism, Balancing Energy Homeostasis
Berberine exerted anti-cancer effect in various cancer cell lines, and was also implied in the treatment of
metabolic related diseases. Given the metabolic modulation, we hypothesized that berberine possessed anti-cancer effect
under the assistance of metabolic interference. Working as a modulator, metabolic enzyme inhibitor or complex network
regulator in energy metabolism, berberine was highlighted in current cancer research. A reasonable cross talk between Chinese medicine
and energy homeostasis provided a solid foundation for berberine interference on cancer cells reprogramming metabolism. Our result
showed that berberine regulated the reprogramming metabolism through three aspects simultaneously, including mitochondrial oxidative
phosphorylation, glycolysis and macromolecular synthesis. This interference with reprogramming metabolism was a continuous,
simultaneous and sustainable approach in a moderate mode. And it could be regarded as a gentle and virtuous cycle from a multi-level
perspective, indicating an integrated approach in cancer therapy. Meanwhile, we thought that Chinese medicine could link cancer and
metabolic related diseases from a dynamic perspective through integrated network pharmacology. This cross talk would be a realistic and
significant strategy for anti-cancer drug discovery and needs further investigation in future.
Keywords: Berberine, Chinese medicine, energy homeostasis, MCF-7, reprogramming metabolism.
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