Investigation of New Phenothiazine and Carbazole Derivatives as Potential Inhibitors of Human Farnesyltransferase
A new series of phenothiazine and carbazole derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for their biological activity
on human protein farnesyltransferase. The farnesyltransferase assays revealed that carbazole 4f was the best farnesyltransferase
inhibitor in the current study (IC50 (human FTase) = 35.0 µM), providing that the presence of the carbazole
unit is important in this family of compounds. Moreover, unexpected disulfide analogues were observed during coupling
reactions of activated esters 12 and 13 with aminoethanethiol and mercaptoethanol, respectively. These dimers deserve
further chemical and biological investigation in order to develop new chemical entities for anticancer research.
Keywords: Anticancer agent, carbazole, disulfide, farnesyltransferase, phenothiazine.
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