Letters in Drug Design & Discovery

G. Perry
University of Texas
San Antonio, TX
USA
Email: lddd@benthamscience.org

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Quantum-chemical Study on the Thermodynamical Aspect of Competitive Inhibition of Ribonucleotide Reductase by trans-Resveratrol, trans- Piceatannol and Hydroxyurea

Author(s): Krzysztof Eder, Damian Mikulski, Marcin Molski.

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Abstract:

Ribonucleotide reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of deoxyribonucleotides from ribonucleotides. We present for the first time a quantum-chemical study of the thermodynamics of reactions of naturally occurring potent inhibitors (trans-resveratrol, trans-piceatannol and hydroxyurea) of ribonucleotide reductase with tyrosine radical and cysteine radical, scavenging of which is crucial for the inhibition of the enzyme. Density functional theory has been applied to compute the Gibbs free enthalpy changes for these reactions in the gas phase and in the presence of water medium. Various reaction pathways have been analyzed. The results obtained prove that trans-resveratrol 4’-OH group is mainly responsible for effective reaction with these enzymatic free radicals. In water medium, the reactions studied are characterized by more negative values of the Gibbs free enthalpy changes than in vacuum. It was found that transresveratrol and trans-piceatannol may be efficient inhibitors of the enzyme (trans-piceatannol is more efficient than transresveratrol). Because inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase is essential for blockage of the cancer development pathways, the polyphenols studied may block diverse processes (including cancerogenesis) by inhibition of free radical reaction steps that occur during the catalytic action of this enzyme.

Keywords: Enzyme inhibition, ribonucleotide reductase, trans-resveratrol, trans-piceatannol.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2015
Page: [93 - 102]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1570180811666140909005756
Price: $58