Astrocytic and Vascular Scaffolding for Neuroblast Migration in the Rostral Migratory Stream

Author(s): Marcela Martoncikova, Kamila Fabianova, Andrea Schreiberova, Juraj Blasko, Viera Almasiova, Eniko Racekova.

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 11 , Issue 4 , 2014

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Abstract:

New neurons are continuously being added to the olfactory bulb (OB) of adult rodents that are generated in the subventricular zone (SVZ), distant by a few millimeters. Neuronal precursors have to overcome this long distance without the radial-glial migratory scaffold, in contrast to migration mode during embryonic development. The previous model explains migration of precursors from the SVZ through the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to the OB as a movement of neuroblasts along each other, ensheathed by astroglial tubes. Recent results indicate that blood vessels are suitable candidates for neuronal migration guidance in the RMS. These novel findings have changed the former concept accounting for neuronal precursor migration. The aim of our study was to map a pattern of vascularization in the RMS of adult rats and to investigate mutual relations among blood vessels, neuroblasts and astrocytes in this area. Detailed morphological analysis revealed that blood vessels in the RMS are organized in a specific manner. In most of the RMS extent, blood vessels run parallel to the outline of the migratory pathway. Interestingly, the caudal part of the RMS has a unique vasculature organization in which blood vessels create a spiral-like configuration. Chains of neuroblasts enveloped by astrocytes largely align along blood vessels. The exception is the caudal part of the RMS where neuroblasts do not follow non – parallel blood vessels. Our morphological findings suggest that blood vessels and astrocytes may cooperatively form physical substrate - scaffold for the neuroblasts migration in the RMS of adult rats.

Keywords: Adult rats, astrocytes, blood vessels, neuroblasts migration, neurogenesis, rostral migratory stream.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2014
Page: [321 - 329]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567202611666140903121253
Price: $58

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