Best Practice for Atrial Fibrillation Patient Education

Author(s): Deirdre A. Lane, Rachel V. Barker, Gregory Y.H. Lip.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 21 , Issue 5 , 2015

Abstract:

Patients’ beliefs about their health (and illness), medications and healthcare they receive are important determinants of whether or not they accept recommended treatments; influence their coping responses in relation to their illness; make them adhere to recommended therapy and ultimately affect health outcomes. Incorporation of patients’ preferences for therapy should now be considered an integral part of the decision-making process.

This gradual shift in health-care practice from paternalistic to shared-decision making, whereby there is a two-way exchange of information between the patient and healthcare provider and both are involved in the treatment decision, requires a reasonable level of understanding and knowledge of the condition and its treatment by the patient. However, patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) often have poor knowledge about their condition and the benefits and risks of AF and AF treatments. Physicians and other healthcare providers may have doubts over a patient’s ability to adhere to certain treatment regimens, particularly oral anticoagulation, due in part to the lack of patient knowledge, and this may be an important determinant of whether such treatments are even considered as therapeutic options. Further, patients often hold misconceptions about AF and treatment options, which may act as barriers to their acceptance of the condition and adherence to therapy.

This review will summarise the literature on the knowledge of patients about AF and its management, how patients’ values and preferences can impact on their treatment choices, the ideal components of patient education, the impact of educational interventions on patients’ knowledge and perceptions of AF, and where appropriate highlight specific issues facing lone AF patients.

Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, patients, knowledge, preferences, education.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2015
Page: [533 - 543]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1381612820666140825125715
Price: $58

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