Synthesis of β-amino-α-ketoamides

Author(s): Samir Kher , Aigars Jirgensons .

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 17 , 2014

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Abstract:

β-Amino-α-ketoamides 1 are a class of compounds exhibiting biological activity as reversible covalent enzyme inhibitors. The representative examples are clinically approved drugs for the treatment of hepatitis C virus Boceprevir 2 and Telaprevir 3. β-Amino-α- ketoamide substructure is also found in a number of natural products, many of which display a remarkable biological activity. The methods for the synthesis of β-amino-α-ketoamide can be classified based on the key steps of the synthetic routes: from unsaturated amide involving epoxydation followed by a regioselective azidolysis; from esters involving aminohydroxylation; from adehydes via Passerini reaction, cyanohydrin formation, addition of the masked acylcyanide (MAC) reagent or orthothioester; from imines via addition of dithiolane derived from oxoacetic acid, addition of isoxazolyl-4-triflates or via azetidinone formation; from acids via acylation of (cyanomethylene) triphenylphosphorane (the Wasserman procedure), via acylfurane formation or via Dakin-West reaction; from nitroalkanes via Henry reaction. In this review, the information from the scientific literature published within the period from 1990 till 2014 for the synthesis of β-amino-α-ketoamides is covered and systematized according to the above mentioned key steps.

Keywords: Azetidinones, cyanohydrins, dakin-west reaction, epoxides, MAC reagent, orthothioesters, henry reaction, passerini reaction, protease inhibitors, wasserman procedure, β-Amino-α-ketoamides.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 17
Year: 2014
Page: [2240 - 2269]
Pages: 30
DOI: 10.2174/1385272819666140818223225
Price: $58

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