Current Cancer Drug Targets

Ruiwen Zhang 
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center
1300 Coulter Drive
Amarillo, TX 79106
USA

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Deregulated Expression of miR-224 and its Target Gene: CD59 Predicts Outcome of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Patients Treated with R-CHOP

Author(s): Guoqi Song, Guorong Song, Huiyun Ni, Ling Gu, Hong Liu, Baoan Chen, Bangshun He, Yuqin Pan, Shukui Wang, William C. Cho.

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

miRNAs are non-coding RNA molecules; their deregulations may contribute to cancer pathogenesis. However, the mechanisms of how miRNA dysfunction contributes to the lymphomagenesis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are not well established. In this study, we analyzed the expression of miR-224 in four DLBCL cell lines and 168 patients’ specimens. We found that the expression of miR-224 in DLBCL was down-regulated compared with normal B-cell but was not statistically different between the germinal center B-cell-like-type and the activated B-cell-like-type. Using bioinformatics prediction and luciferase report assays, we demonstrated that miR-224 directly down-regulated CD59 expression by binding to its 3’-untranslated region. We also used immunohistochemical staining of CD59 in human DLBCL specimens and analyzed the relationship between the expression of miR-224, CD59 and the overall/progress-free survival of DLBCL patients who were uniformly treated with rituximab,cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). We found that miR-224 may contribute to DLBCL pathogenesis. Most importantly, the expression of miR-224 and CD59 can predict the response and outcome of DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP.

Keywords: CD59, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), microRNA (miRNA), miR-224, R-CHOP.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2014
Page: [659 - 670]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1568009614666140818211103
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