Eriobotrya japonica Lindl. (Rosaceae) is widely used as an herbal remedy in many countries. Astringent leaves
of loquat have been used to treat asthma, chronic bronchitis, coughs, phlegm, high fever, cancer, diabetes, and gastroenteric
disorders. Various phytochemical compounds, such as triterpenes, sesquiterpenes, flavonoids, tannins, and megastigmane
glycosides, have been found in the leaves of this plant and some of these compounds have been reported to be
biologically active, exhibiting anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-mutagenic, anti-tumor, or hypoglycemic
properties. In this review, we will present the anti-inflammatory and antitumor properties of Eriobotrya japonica
extracts and isolated phytochemical compounds, highlighting the need for further evidence-based research.