Current Hypertension Reviews

Prof. Kazuomi Kario
Jichi Medical University
School of Medicine


Blood Pressure Variability/Dipper/Non-dipper in Hypertension and Diabetes

Author(s): Kazuo Eguchi.


It has been well recognized that hypertension in diabetes is a potent risk of micro- and macrovascular complications. BP levels are most important component of BP management. Next to BP levels, other component such as BP variability is also important. BP variability consists of several concepts [1]:

1. Very Short term BP variability (beat-to-beat)

2. Short term BP variability (over the 24h)

3. Diurnal BP variation in diabetes

4. Long term BP variability (day-by-day)

5. Visit-to-Visit Variability (months ~ years)

Among these, abnormal circadian rhythm of BP belongs to short-term BP variability.

There have been a number of papers about BP variability in recent years. In this chapter, the significance of BP variability in patients with diabetes will be reviewed.

Keywords: Blood pressure variability, circadian blood, pressure rhythm, diabetes.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [257 - 263]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573402110666140812124640
Price: $58