The Applications of Pharmacogenomics to Neurological Disorders

Author(s): C. Gilman , C. McSweeney , Y. Mao .

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 14 , Issue 7 , 2014

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Abstract:

The most common neurological disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders, have received recent attention with regards to pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine. Here, we will focus on a neglected neurodegenerative disorder, cerebral ischemic stroke (CIS), and highlight recent advances in two disorders, Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Alzheimer’s diseases (AD), that possess both similar and distinct mechanisms in regards to potential therapeutic targets.

In the first part of this review, we will focus primarily on mechanisms that are somewhat specific to each disorder which are involved in neurodegeneration (i.e., protease pathways, calcium homeostasis, reactive oxygen species regulation, DNA repair mechanisms, neurogenesis regulation, mitochondrial function, etc.). In the second part of this review, we will discuss the applications of the genome-wide technology on pharmacogenomics of mental illnesses including schizophrenia (SCZ), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

Keywords: Genome wide association study (GWAS), neurodegenerative diseases, pharmacogenomics, psychiatric disorders.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2014
Page: [880 - 890]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1566524014666140811115900
Price: $58

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