Natural Compounds – Anti-Obesity Properties
Pp. 211-241 (31)
Sara M. Reyna and Jameela Banu
Obesity is a global epidemic with increasing number of individuals becoming
overweight. World Health Organization (WHO) has called obesity a preventable disease
mainly because most obese patients benefit by changing food habits and lifestyle. It is
very well established that obesity increases the risk of several life threatening diseases
like insulin resistance, diabetes, atherosclerotic vascular disease (CVD), cancer, chronic
inflammation, bone disorders etc. Several natural products like herbs, dairy products,
and products from marine organisms have been reported to have anti-obesity properties.
These products reduce obesity by influencing different pathways such as decreasing
intestinal absorption, fatty acid synthesis, adipocyte differentiation as well as increasing
intestinal transit, beta oxidation, and metabolic rate. In this chapter, we have compiled
information about the use of different natural products as anti-obesity agents and how
they affect body weight.
Adipogenesis, animal products, fat metabolism, inflammation, multi
compound mixtures, natural compounds, obesity, oxidative stress, plant products,
Coordinated Program in Dietetics and Department of Biology, University of Texas-Pan American, 1201, W University Dr., Edinburg, TX 78539-2999, USA.