Applications to Pre-attentive Vision - Using the Presence of Chaos for Attention Direction
Pp. 166-185 (20)
Michael Edward Farmer
Pre-attentive vision systems are responsible for directing the attention of
higher order vision functions to regions of the field of view that may be of interest to
the system. Regions may be of interest due to motion or due to a contextual change in
the image that may be due to a sudden appearance or disappearance of an object. Since
the outcome of the pre-attentive system is a notification of interest to the higher order
vision functions, maintaining a low false alarm rate is critical. One key cause of false
alarms can be either sudden or slow changes in illumination of the field of interest of
the imaging system. Another key issue is the detection rate of the system. In particular
the sensitivity of the system to small changes must be maintained while its immunity to
non-interesting change such as illumination is preserved. Thus the use of the proposed
chaos-based methods which are inherently immune to illumination change have great
promise for these types of systems. In this chapter we will first define the problem of
pre-attentive vision in chaos-theoretic terms, and then propose an algorithm that utilizes
the chaos-based methods of phase space analysis using global fractal measures. The
chaos-based system performance is compared to traditional methods such as Mutual
Information, sum of absolute differences, and Gaussian mixture models. The chaosbased
methods outperform all of these traditional methods.
Pre-attentive vision, receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve,
change detection, Gaussian Mixture Models (GMM), sum of absolute differences
(SAD), mutual information.
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