Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) possesses multiple protective properties in the vasculature, including
anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects and improvement of endothelial function. A substantial part of these effects
is attributable to gene expression changes induced by the compound. Resveratrol can activate the NAD-dependent
deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), leading to deacetylation of SIRT1 target molecules such as NF-kB and forkhead box O
(FOXO) transcription factors. The inhibition of NF-kB by resveratrol reduces the expression of inflammation mediators.
FOXO factors are implicated in the upregulation of antioxidant enzymes and the endothelial-type nitric oxide synthase. In
addition, resveratrol upregulates a number of antioxidant enzymes by activating nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2)
and downregulates NADPH oxidases through yet known mechanisms.
Keywords: Gene regulation, nitric oxide, oxidative stress, resveratrol, vascular inflammation.
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