Methods: miRNA expression microarray data of 82 glioblastoma samples were obtained from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas database (http://www.cgga.org.cn). In order to identify miRNAs correlated with temozolomide reponse, the significance of the association between each miRNA expression and overall survival of temozolomide treated glioblastoma patients was analyzed by univariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Gene expression profile associated with miR-629-3p was determined using whole genome mRNA expression microarray data. Subsequently, biological progresses related to the miR-629-3p associated gene expression profile were identified by gene ontology analysis
Results: The miR629-3p level was significantly correlated with overall survival in patients who underwent temozolomide chemotherapy, while a higher miR629-3p level failed to improve overall survival in patients who had not received temozolomide treatment. Gene ontology analysis showed that miR-629-3p associated genes were involved in the biological processes including translation, translational elongation, and ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis.
Conclusion: High-level miR629-3p expression was associated with prolonged overall survival in patients who underwent temozolomide chemotherapy, indicating that miR-629-3p may be a predictive biomarker for temozolomide response, a guide for clinical treatment decisions, and a target for glioblastoma therapy.